12 Different Types of Sugar Explained

Different types of sugar
Photo by Myriam Zilles

We are familiar with the ordinary sugar obtainable from the supermarket. Raw, white, brown castor, and icing sugar are common ingredients in making pastries.

Regarding nourishment, All different types of sugar are digested in the same pattern and provide a common amount of energy. 

Table of Contents

  1. What is sugar?
  2. History of sugar
  3. Different Types of Sugar
    1. Granulated sugar 
    2. Castor sugar
    3. Icing sugar
    4. Brown sugar 
    5. Raw sugar
    6. Fruit sugar
    7. Coarse sugar
    8. Sugar cubes
    9. Bakers sugar
    10. Liquid sugar
    11. Sanding sugar
    12. Pearl sugar

What is sugar?

Sugars are generally known as any crystalline solid that exists in the disaccharide or monosaccharide form. They occupy the most space in the world, unlike other substances, and are used as sweeteners or preservatives.

Biologically, organisms use sugars as a source of metabolic energy or a sweet crystalline material consisting of sucrose, And there are different types of sugar.

It is colorless or white when pure and brown when less refined. It is productively obtained from sugarcane, sugar beet, maples, and palm. It is an essential source of dietary carbohydrates, and all different types of sugar are of little benefit to humanity.

History of sugar

According to the latest update, sugarcane is the third most valuable crop after cereal, occupying 26,942.686 hectares of land across the globe. However, human physiology expanded on a diet containing very little sugar and no refined carbohydrate.

Sugar entered into our diet by a misstep. It was a fodder crop used to fatten pigs though humans may have chewed on the stalks repeatedly. Proof from plant remains suggested that sugar cane originated from southeast Asia.

The first chemically refined sugar appeared in India about 2500 years ago. The Atlantic island of Madeira was the first to cultivate sugarcane for large-scale refinement.

In many ways, the story of sugar and tobacco are closely related because slave labor produced both products. As time proceeded, they were originally seen to be very beneficial, and there are different types of sugar.

It s not only seen everywhere but is potentially responsible for approximately 20 of the caloric content of modern diets.

Different Types of Sugar

We will be closely going through the different types of sugar that we can obtain from sugarcane.

Granulated sugar

Granulated sugar under the different types of sugar is the sugar you will recognize because it is common. It is also called table sugar or our regular sugar and is widely used in everyday recipes. It is almost completely sucrose and occurs naturally in sugar cane, later refined into a salt-like texture.

Castor sugar

It is comparable to granulated sugar and shares the same composition yet much finer consistency and smaller size.

Castor sugar dissolves quickly, making it a suitable option among the other different types of sugar for baking dessert products. And is also perfect for making cocktails and syrup and is 100 @ sucrose.

Icing sugar

It is also known as confectioner or powdered sugar, an extremely fine sugar among the different types of sugar and has the highest consistency with a very small size.

It easily disintegrates into toppings and fillings. The finely ground sugar is commonly mixed with cornstarch to prevent lumping when stored.

Brown sugar

Brown sugar is white sugar with molasses, giving it its typical color and flavor. A sugar by-product boiled down into a thick dark syrup comes in refined and unrefined forms. Brown sugar is mostly used with granulated sugar in standard baking recipes such as chocolate cookies.

Raw sugar

It is also known as cane sugar and can be identified as its root produced from sugar cane and has a slightly darker color and a larger grain size than white sugar. It is made up of 98 sucrose and 2 water and mineral.

Raw sugar, just like the different types of sugar, is used in many food processing, especially where the sugar’s color adds to the product in which it is used.it is subdivided into demerara and turbinado sugar.

Fruit sugar

Unlike the other types of sugar, fruit sugar is not commonly used in food production and is also known as fructose.

It resembles common sugar, and the natural fructose is chemically merged with glucose to form sucrose, where most of the fructose concern stems. In comparison, fruits are known to be rich in nutrients and fiber.

Coarse sugar

Also known as decorating sugar, it is recovered when molasses and sugar syrups are high in sucrose and allowed to crystalize.

The larger crystal size of coarse sugar makes it highly oppose color changes or the breakdown of fructose to glucose at cooking and baking temperatures. These characteristics are vital in making fondants and liquors.

Sugar cubes

They are produced from moist granulated sugar that is pressed or formed into molds and then dried.

Bakers sugar

The crystal size of Bakers Sugar is even finer than that of fruit sugar. As its name implies, it was made especially for the baking organization. It is used for sugaring doughnuts and cookies and in some commercial cake recipes to create a fine crumb consistency.

Liquid sugar

There are several types or forms of liquid sugar. It is white granulated sugar that has been dissolved in water before use. Liquid sugar is perfect for products whose recipes first need sugar to be disseminated. Amber liquid sugar is darker in color and used in food where brown color is desired or wanted.

Sanding sugar

Sanding sugar is named after its precise size, around the size of sand grains. It has a special cylindrical shape and looks sparkling with bright shades like blue and yellow.

Sanding sugar can be found as decoration on cookies with royal icing, adding a crunchy texture to baked items.

Pearl sugar

It has an important feature: It doesn’t melt while baking Since it is made from compressed white sugar that disintegrates in liquid. Therefore, bakers are fond of this type of sugar in dispersion through the different types of sugar to decorate baked items and cookies.

Conclusion

You may be wondering if one type of sugar amidst the different types of sugar is more beneficial to you than the others. There is no way around the fact that added sugars contain additional calories.

According to an article published by the Harvard school, they are all taken in by the body similarly. And sugars contain similar ratios of fructose and glucose, and if the added sugar has more glucose than fructose, it doesn’t mean it’s healthier. Those who have diabetes are exceptions.

However, because they need to control their blood glucose, higher fructose and lower glucose tend to be better.

However, naturally occurring sugars in fruits are healthier because they are packaged with nutrients and fiber.

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