16 Different Types of Seafood

Different Types of Seafood
Photo by Alex Knight

The different types of seafood are a widely prized element in cuisines everywhere. A group of marine creatures represented by food has intriguing characteristics that merit investigation. 

Food for the sea isn’t what is meant by seafood. Ironically, it refers to the sustenance we obtain from the ocean and other water areas. 

All aquatic creatures that are edible to humans are considered seafood. Humans tend to eat everything edible. 

And as a food and seafood lover, I can guarantee you that seafood is not just any food; it is delicious food with an unappealing aroma. 

Since many impoverished people may directly catch and cook these creatures—and they don’t always have to be purchased from the market. 

Many regions of the world rely on seafood as their primary food source. Additionally, seafood is occasionally one of the most expensive and elegant menu items.

Well, some of the different types of seafood are listed below;

1. Crab

Crabs are ten-footed (decapod) crustaceans living in freshwater, saltwater, and land. They usually have a strong exoskeleton and one pair of pincers. 

Only 4,500 of the approximately 5,000 species of crabs are true; additionally, the other 500 species of creatures bear names that seem similar. 

Such as hermit crabs, king crabs, porcelain crabs, horseshoe crabs, and crab lice—are not crabs. Because spiders have joints in their legs as crabs do, crabs are sometimes referred to as “spiders of the sea.” 

Furthermore, some of the most well-known crab foods are Surimi, crab sticks, crab cakes, gang, Indian crab masala, crab cocktail, and chili crab. 

2. Salmon

Salmon is also one of the different types of seafood. Given how good Salmon is, it is one of the most consumed fish in the world, which makes sense. 

Salmon also occurs in various sizes and forms, and many well-known salmon species exist. In addition, Salmon is another flexible dietary option; we can consume it fresh, as raw fish (sashimi), or in convenient tinned form. 

However, Salmon is an excellent source of healthy minerals and intriguing bioactive substances like astaxanthin. 

According to randomized controlled experiments, a carotenoid molecule called astaxanthin may assist in increasing the UV resistance of human skin. Salmon is also incredibly abundant in the crucial omega-3 fatty acid. 

3. Shrimp

Shrimp is another popular type of seafood. It is a member of the phylum Arthropoda, class Crustacea, order Decapoda, family Penaeidae, genus Penaeus, subgenus Penaeus, and Litopenaeus vannamei. 

Furthermore, it is commonly found in tropical waters and estuaries worldwide. Like crabs, shrimp, or prawns, decapod crustaceans can be used in dishes like appetizers, pasta salads with shrimp, soups with shrimp, and stir-fries with shrimp. 

Shrimps are generally small, ranging between 3–8 cm long and weighing between 0.5 g – 2 kg. They are known for being fast swimmers and agile hunters. 

4. Lobster

Nephropidae, which occasionally also includes the Homaridae family of giant sea crustaceans, includes lobsters. 

Additionally, Before the 20th century, lobsters were seen as a delicacy for the poor, but they have since gained prominence as a dish enjoyed by the wealthy. 

Furthermore, Clarified butter, garlic, parsley, and other comparable foods and spices, including dill, tarragon, and chives, enhance the lobster’s flavor without overpowering it. Furthermore, they are typically served with this crustacean when steamed or cooked. 

5. Oysters

Oysters are also one of the different types of seafood in the world. They are mollusks from the bivalve group Mollusca, specifically the gastropods. 

Furthermore, oysters are usually eaten raw, although they can also be prepared in various ways. They are often served in restaurants as an appetizer, as part of a meal, or as a dessert. 

They offer a significant amount of zinc, copper, and B vitamins and can be consumed either raw or cooked. Oysters are also a unique food source of vitamin D. 

6. Trout

Salmon and trout are related, and both species resemble one another in appearance. Although the flavors of the two foods are somewhat similar, trout has a softer taste than Salmon, which may or may not be a plus depending on personal choice. 

Both fish share certain advantageous qualities, like being rich in omega-3 fatty acids, low in mercury, and a superior supply of vitamins and minerals. Additionally, Cooking fish in a lemon butter sauce makes for a beautiful dish. 

7. Mussels

Another excellent seafood option is mussels, which may be more affordable than oysters. Mussel is a delicious ingredient in seafood paella, sweetcorn & mussel soup.  

You can also steam mussels meals and fish stew. Mussels can be eaten with mayo, vinaigrettes, and other sauces. Furthermore, Mussels are rich in protein, iron, and zinc. 

8. Clams

Clams are a type of shellfish that belongs to the phylum Mollusca, class Gastropoda, order Neogastropoda, superfamily Muricacea, family Marginellidae, genus Callista, and species Marginula margaritifera. 

Furthermore, clams are a great addition to any seafood diet because of their high nutritional value. 

9. Scallops

Scallops are a type of marine invertebrate belonging to the subclass Cephalopoda, class Octopoda, order Decapoda, and suborder Valvifera. 

Furthermore, scallops are popular seafood in many countries due to their delicate taste and texture. 

10. Abalone

Next on our list of different types of seafood is Abalone. Abalone is a mollusk that supplies many advantageous nutrients like oysters. 

Even though it has low-fat content, Abalone still includes some omega-3 fatty acids and is a good source of protein. 

In addition, Abalone is a fantastic source of iodine, a crucial trace element many people do not get enough of in their diets. Additionally, Iodine deficiency affects roughly 2 billion people worldwide (5, 6). 

11. Mollusca – Cephalopods

Mollusks of the cephalopod kind live only in the oceans. Their primary characteristics include a large head, a set of arms or tentacles, and bilateral body symmetry.  

Except for nautiluses, located in the South Pacific and Indian oceans, cephalopods lack an exterior shell. Furthermore, it is also rich in proteins, fats, carbohydrates, and minerals. 

The octopus, along with squids, cuttlefish, and nautiloids, is an example of a soft-bodied cephalopod with eight tentacles that belongs to the class Cephalopoda. 

In addition, Grilled octopus, slow-braised octopus with potato salad and anchovy dressing. Catalan-style Squid and octopus stew are also a few well-known octopus recipes. 

12. Squid

Squids are long-bodied animals with huge eyes, eight limbs, and two tentacles equipped with vacuum suckers. 

In addition, the most well-known squid recipes include fried Squid, Squid prepared in the Roman way, and Japanese shiokara. It is created with chunks of Squid and other seafood that have been severely salted, fermented, and served with rice. 

Additionally, Squid is a group of marine animals within the class Oegopsida, order Sepiida, family Loliginidae, genus Euprymna, and species Euprymna scolopes. It is rich in vitamins A, B1, B2, B6, D, E, K, and calcium. 

13. Octopus

Octopus is also one of the most delicious different types of seafood in the world. The octopus plays a vital role in many different cuisines around the world. 

Although the octopus is not so “typical” in traditional Western cuisine, the octopus, for instance, is a prized component of cooking in nations like Japan, Korea, Singapore, and other Mediterranean countries. 

The drawback is that people tend to either adore or dislike octopus as a cuisine. Much of this depends on how the octopus is prepared because overcooking can cause it to become overly chewy soon. 

Furthermore, cooking octopus either slowly on low heat or fast but for a short time to get around this is recommended. 

One of the healthiest varieties of seafood, octopus boasts a remarkable nutritious profile per 100 g. 

14. Mackerel

Another oily fish that is a fantastic source of omega-3 is Mackerel. It is essential to keep in mind that there are numerous varieties of Mackerel, and not all of them are equally nutritious. 

Additionally, the most excellent option is Atlantic Mackerel due to how little mercury it contains. King and Spanish Mackerel should be avoided, though, as they may have significant quantities of this heavy metal. 

Furthermore, Mackerel’s affordability is one of its best qualities. Salmon is tasty and highly healthful, but it can be expensive for some families. 

Mackerel doesn’t have this issue because it typically sells for roughly half as much (or less). Besides omega-3, Mackerel offers a good selection of Minerals and vitamins. 

15. Sardines

Sardines is next on our list of different types of seafood worldwide. One of the least expensive and most nourishing fish is sardine. 

First, we consume whole sardines with all their internal organs and tiny bones. As a result, they provide a remarkable nutritional density and a superior calcium non-dairy source. 

Sardines also supply more than 100% of the recommended daily amount of vitamin D. Furthermore, they are one of the sources of omega-3 fatty acids with the highest concentration. 

Sardines may be fresh or frozen depending on where you live, but canned varieties are available everywhere. 

16. Fish Roe

Fish eggs are another name for fish roe. Although it is not a very frequent cuisine in the West, it is well-liked in Japan and Eastern Russia. 

Additionally, fish roe is very healthy and rich in minerals like omega-3, vitamin D, multiple levels of protein, and many others. 

Furthermore, there is no set of universal nutritional values for roe due to the wide variety of varieties. 

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