Wines are made from grapes. These grapes have natural sugars, and the amount of natural sugar contained in them depends on different factors like the level of concentration of the wine juice, how long the grapes stayed on vines before they were harvested (late harvest grapes), and the variety of the grapes.
Grapes are converted to wine through a process of fermentation. During this process, yeast is added to the grape juice, which converts natural sugars into alcohol.
Dry wine is formed if little to no sugar is left after fermentation. The sugar left in the wine after fermentation is known as residual sugar.
What is Dry White Wine?
A dry white wine is a white wine that is not sweet; it has no residual sugar in it, or the amount of residual sugar present is so small that wine drinkers cannot detect it.
There are different types of dry white wines, each with its unique flavor profile. Dry white wines have high acidity, giving them a refreshing crisp taste.
They are especially enjoyed during summer and can be paired with just any dish.
Types of Dry White wine
To give a detailed answer to the question, “what is dry white wine?” We need to discuss the different types of dry white wines. Dry white wines range from very dry (bone-dry) to medium-dry wines.
1. Sauvignon Blanc
Sauvignon Blanc is a famous and exotic bone-dry white wine. It is a lean wine that can be found all over the world but is mostly produced in California, New Zealand, Austria, South Africa, Bordeaux, France, Italy, and the state of Washington.
It produces bell pepper, gooseberry, and lemongrass notes and is available in pear, grapefruit, and white peach flavors. It is considered the best white wine.
Assyrtiko is a bone-dry, light-bodied, and crisp white wine that is most popular in Greece. It has a citrusy flavor with tropical and mineral-tasting notes and a hint of saltiness.
The dryness and high level of acidity of Assyrtiko wines are obtained by aging them in oak barrels for three months or more.
Albarino is the driest white wine produced in Spain. It produces tasting notes of lemon, grapefruit, and salt and is available in spice and citrus flavors. Albarino is best paired with seafood.
Chardonnay wines are prominently produced in the Burgundy region of France. These wines are known for their oaky flavors, which are gotten when they are aged in oak barrels.
Oaky or wooded chardonnays produce strong citrus and toasty vanilla-tasting notes, while non-oaky or unwooded chardonnays produce bright tropical notes. They are also produced in California, South Africa, and the United States.
5. Pinot Grigio or Pinot Gris
Pinot Grigio is a light, crisp, and fruity wine. The flavor profile of Pinot Grigio depends on the region from which it is produced.
For example, Pinot Grigio, produced in Italy, usually produces crispy and mineral-tasting notes, while the French style of Pinot Grigio is usually dry and fruity.
Also, the region determines whether it is called Pinot Grigio or Pinot Gris; in Italy, it is referred to as Pinot Grigio, and Pinot Gris in France and the United States.
In France, this is known as champagne; in other regions of the world, it is known as sparkling wine. The dryness of champagne can range from very dry to medium dry.
Very dry champagnes are known as extra brut wines, which contain less than 0.6% residual sugar; brut champagne wines are known as dry with less than 1.5% residual sugar, while extra sec champagne wines are considered medium dry because they contain 1.2 to 2 % residual sugar.
Muscadet is an extremely dry white wine. It is a light-bodied white wine that is produced from the melon de Bourgogne grape variety, which originates from the Burgundy region of France. It has a sharp sour taste with citrus and mineral notes.
8. Pinot Blanc
Pinot Blanc is a medium-bodied wine produced in Austria, Germany, France, Italy, Alsace, and Croatia. It produces apples, and almonds tasting notes and has a similar flavor profile to chardonnays.
Riesling is a dry white wine that is originally from Germany. It is found in places with cold climates like Eastern Croatia and Alsace. You can also find Riesling in Oregon, Washington, and California. It produces mineral, apples, and stone fruits notes.
Torrontes is a highly fragrant wine that is particularly found in Argentina. It is a delicious wine that produces peach, citrus, and floral notes.
Viognier is a strongly fragrant grape variety that came originally from France and is now produced all over the world. It produces fruity notes of honeysuckle and peach.
12. Gruner Veltliner
Gruner Veltliner is a grape variety that originated in Austria. It is an exquisite wine that produces two flavor profiles depending on when the grapes are harvested.
Early harvest Gruner Veltliner grapes are usually less ripe, producing a citrusy flavor, precisely lime. In contrast, the late harvest and extremely ripe Gruner Veltliner grapes produce peach-flavored wines.
This grape variety is also found in North-east Croatia, along the Danube River in North-east Croatia.
Posip is one the most famous dry white wines from Croatia. It is one of the oldest grape varieties in Southern Europe and originates from the Croatian Island of Korcula.
Posip is a rich and attractive wine with a complex flavor profile. It has notes of gooseberry blends and grass clippings with citrus-like hints and dried candied fruits. In addition, it is one of the few grapes that can withstand grape aphids (phylloxera).
Gewurztraminer is an aromatic and spicy white wine. The best dry white version of the Gewurztraminer is the German Trocken and halbtrocken style. They are dry and savory wines with peach, lychee, and grapefruit notes.
What is Dry White Wine Best Paired With?
- Sauvignon Blanc: crisp, dry white wine like sauvignon Blanc is best paired with light dishes like seafood (halibut) as well as vegetables, salads, and chicken.
- Muscadet: muscadet is best paired with a shrimp cocktail, oyster, and ceviche.
- Gruner Veltliner: Gruner Veltliner is best paired with seafood, greens, vegetable salads, and Asian dishes.
- Chardonnays: chardonnay wines pair well with food with fat-rich food like lobster with butter sauce and cheesy pasta like fettuccine Alfredo.
- Riesling, Viognier, Torrontes, and Gewurztraminer: these wines are crunchy and acidic and are best paired with spicy Asian foods.
- Champagne: champagne is best paired with salty foods
- Pinot Gris: Pinot Gris is a fruity wine that is best paired with delicately flavored dishes like shellfish, chicken, turkey, and light pasta.
- Albarino: Albarino is a slightly salty wine that pairs well with tasty dishes like sashimi (raw fish) and dishes with a lot of herbs, salads, oysters, mussels, and clams.
What is Dry White Wine Used for?
You might wonder, ‘what is dry white wine used for apart from having a good time?’ well, you can spice up your cooking with dry white wines.
Dry white wines are also better options than cooking wines; cooking wines are usually very expensive and low quality.
- Wines that have intense flavors, such as Posip and Chardonnay, can be used to make creamy and fatty dishes like risotto and fettuccine Alfredo.
- For light-flavored dishes, light-bodied wines are best used. An example is Pinot Gris for vegetable risotto.
- A tart, dry white wine with citrus-tasting notes is used for preparing seafood dishes. A good example is Albarino.
- Gewurztraminer is a spicy dry white wine used to prepare light dishes with herbal or vegetable flavors.
Dry white wines are white wines that have little to no sugar. They have a great savory depth and are best enjoyed in the summer. There are different styles of dry white wine, and this gives wine drinkers the option of choosing the style best suited to their tastes.
In addition to being versatile enough to be enjoyed with just any kind of dish, dry white wines can also be used for cooking.