Homes are often modified to meet local needs, weather, and geographic requirements. While basic areas have regular cement and concrete houses, houses in mountainous regions are usually wooden, with slightly sloped roofs to prevent snow accumulation in winter. One such type of these houses is the ‘chalets.’
Even if you’re not an expert in armchair architecture, you can probably almost instantly recognize what is a chalet house.
Also known as Swiss Chalets or Alpine, these timber frame homes are designed for rural areas with rugged terrain, making them ideal as vacation homes or primary residences for those looking for charming cavernous living space in a rural setting.
What is a chalet house? What are the benefits of chalet homes? Its evolution and so on. In this article, we will give you everything you need to know about what is a chalet house. Read on, so you don’t miss out.
What is a Chalet House?
A chalet is a type of wooden house or cottage with a heavy, smooth slopy roof and wide eaves set at right angles to the front.
Also called Swiss chalet houses, these houses are very common in the alpine region of Europe. The term is used to refer to the hut of a herd of sheep or goats. Many chalet houses in Europe were used as seasonal dairy farms.
Common in Switzerland, the Bavarian Alps, the French Alps, and the Austrian region of Tyrol, huts were used by herders during the summer months to make butter and cheese from the milk produced by cattle in the pasture.
Originally left unoccupied in winter, when the herds left the cold mountain slopes to take refuge in the valleys, the chalet houses later took a new life with the advent of tourism in the Alps.
Today, chalets have become vacation homes for skiers and mountaineers who prefer to stay on top of the mountains while on vacation.
In some countries, including Britain, a chalet is also referred to as holiday camp accommodation, while in Italy, a chalet is referred to as a beach house rather than a mountain house.
The Evolution of Chalet Houses
The first historical documentation of the word “chalet” dates back to 1328 and describes simple, rudimentary wooden huts built by farmers in Canton de Vaud, Switzerland. For most of history, the term “chalet” usually refers to any small house found in the mountains.
The designs of the chalets that we know now appeared in the mid of 19th century, and it was not built by the Swiss but by the French and the English who visited Switzerland and were inspired by the local architecture.
These visitors returned to their homelands with romanticized Swiss chalet ideals and began to build ornate, although not particularly accurate, versions of the houses they had admired during their travels.
As the chalet style became more popular, various Swiss companies began to offer chalet blueprints in catalogs, allowing people all over the world to build their own Swiss chalets.
The logs contained a number of basic designs that could be customized with many details and touches, resulting in the ornate gingerbread-style houses we now associate with the chalet style.
In America, chalets first became popular in New England in the late 1800s, between 1885 and 1910, where they were ideal for the cold, snowy, and often harsh weather.
As with other home styles born in New England (such as bungalows), chalets gradually began to appear across the country, especially in Cincinnati and the mountainous regions of Colorado.
Today, the word “chalet” refers to small houses, even outside mountain places. It is often applied to homes in tourist areas, and in some Middle Eastern countries, it relates to properties near the beach, regardless of their architectural style.
In Quebec, it refers to any holiday home, and in the UK, it describes basic holiday camp accommodation. The United States usually refers to luxury resorts built in the Alpine style.
What Makes a House Chalet?
Traditional Swiss chalets are built from wood and other natural materials such as stone, with thick wooden plank walls laid out in a log cabin style that is often exposed and unadulterated to blend in with the local surroundings.
Foundations are almost always stone or concrete, and if the cottage is built on sloping ground, the foundation will be exposed on the downhill side. They usually have a square design and are one or two stories tall.
Chalet houses are probably best known for their dramatic triangular profile, with steeply pitched roofs and overhangs, and are usually clad in wood shingles or slabs of slate.
These roofs are ideal for cold climates because their slope prevents large amounts of snow from accumulating on top of the house. The very wide eaves and exposed gables protect against rain and snow.
Because they were originally designed to be built on steep, uneven terrain, traditional chalet homes have a small and compact footprint, which reduces the amount of excavation required for construction.
However, thanks to modern construction techniques and materials, today’s chalet villas come in many different sizes and can be designed to accommodate large families.
They are also usually centered around a central room with a high ceiling, sometimes extending all the way to the ceiling.
The upper floors often project over the stories below. Although chalets tend to have small footprints, their high vaulted ceilings make the home feel spacious and roomy.
Chalets often have balconies with carved wooden railings, as well as front porches. Traditionally they had small windows with shutters, but modern chalets tend to have large windows to make the most view of the chalet’s environment, uniting the inside with the outside and also letting in plenty of light.
In these houses, it is not uncommon to find local decorative elements such as carvings and moldings.
Benefits of Chalet House
There are many benefits to owning a chalet house. The relatively simple construction of the house with basic materials and a simple design means that chalet-type houses can be built more cheaply than houses of a similar size.
Floor plans are very flexible, with many customization options with awnings, windows, and exposed architecture. Chalets are also available in several sizes, depending on your needs.
Traditional chalet house floor plans start at 600 square feet but can go up to 4,000 square feet with the addition of a wing or two wings to build a Grand Chalet.
Chalets usually have lots of windows that let in plenty of natural light and beautiful views of the surrounding area. Due to the A-Frame design, the Chalet Homes have extra high ceilings with plenty of open space for a relaxed and welcoming home.
Chalet homes can offer a sleek, stylish aesthetic while maintaining the warmth and comfort of a timber home.
Now that we know all about what is a chalet house, these houses would be an excellent choice for vacation homes and year-round living, whether on the lakeside or in the mountains. With its rustic charm and elegant architecture, you’ll have a home your family will love for years to come.