Writing is a difficult medium to learn. For instance, did you know that there are different types of writing?
However, these types of writing may be found in every narrative you read, including the newspaper! Poetry and science fiction are two examples of different types of writing.
Today, we’ll look at the different types of writing into which any written work can fall. Understanding these different types of writing, what they entail, and how they interact will help you write more successfully, regardless of genre.
Table of contents
1. Narrative writing
Narrative writing aims to tell a story in written form, just like a storyteller would.
The story could be made up or based on true events. Narrative writing is regarded as one of the most difficult kinds of writing to produce while also being one of the simplest to read.
Since writing a story that immerses the reader in the story’s environment necessitates a wide range of abilities. To transmit a story to the reader, you’ll need a lot of imagination and writing skills.
In narrative writing, the writer creates a large number of fictional characters and tells a story about their lives.
Typically, stories are told from the perspective of a single character, which is referred to as first-person narration. This category includes all novels, poems, short tales, biographies, and autobiographies.
The entire narrative is a solution to the simple and minor inquiry, “What happened then?.” A character in narrative writing always tells a story or an event from his or her point of view.
The story is carried by the characters. There is a dialogue in it.
In narrative writing, there are scenarios such as acts, disputes, fights, and motivational occurrences. A narrative story must always have a beginning, middle, and end.
Sometimes a narrative’s ending is certain, while other times, the author leaves the story open-ended. There are two reasons why a story should end with an open conclusion.
First and foremost, the author intends to write a sequel to the story. Second, the author wants the reader to come up with their own conclusion.
There are several examples of narrative writing that transports the reader into the world of the story. Harry Potter is one of them. It is a seven-book series.
Anyone who has read Harry Potter will have a different perception of the “Hogwarts” school.
2. Expository writing
Textbooks frequently use this type of writing style among the other types of writing. This type of writing is used to describe objects, people, places, relationships, or ideas.
Expository writing is also known as information writing because it is used to offer information on a variety of topics.
Rather than expressing his or her perspective, the author delivers factual facts about a subject in this sort of writing.
Facts, statistics, arguments, laws and principles, cause and effect, and examples are used in this writing type.
Since the material expressed in this sort of writing is factual, it is written without emotion and from a third-person perspective.
Facts, statistics, arguments, laws and principles, cause and effect, and examples are all used in this form of writing.
In expository writing, self-reference can provide an external description and explanation rather than explain personal sentiments and beliefs.
Since both types of writing are used to describe things, expository writing and descriptive writing are sometimes mistaken.
Both styles of works, however, are significantly different from one another. Expository writing explains and describes external facts, circumstances, and processes, whereas descriptive writing explains someone’s point of view on the world, a subject, or a thing at a specific time.
Furthermore, the expository writing style has a neutral and matter-of-fact tone. This form of writing frequently discusses topics in a logical order and succession using facts and statistics.
Textbooks, newspapers, periodicals, recipes, how-to pieces, editorial writing, business, scientific, and technical writing all use the expository writing style.
3. Persuasive writing
Among the other types of writing, the primary goal of this type of writing is to persuade the readers of a point of view. It contains the author’s personal opinion and point of view.
The author should have been aware of the opposing viewpoint so that he could give the most compelling evidence to oppose it. He or she should be able to come up with a topic that is well-defined and arguable.
Sometimes the author will write on the opposing point’s other side, refuting it and providing a compelling reason for doing so. Even when the author’s view is included in persuasive writing, it is still expressed objectively.
Emotional appeal is commonly used in persuasive writing to capture the hearts and trust of readers. Reasons, arguments, and justifications are all included in persuasive writing.
The author takes a stand on a topic and encourages the reader to do the same. The author of this sort of writing encourages his or her readers to take action in response to the circumstance, which is known as a call to action.
Newspaper editorial and opinion sections, reviews (of books, movies, music, restaurants, hotels, or cities), cover letters, letters of recommendation, and letters of complaint all contain persuasive writing.
4. Descriptive writing
Descriptive writing involves describing things in great detail, such as persons, places, and events. It’s almost as if you’re painting a picture in the imaginations of your readers.
Descriptive writing is the art of expressing yourself with words. Everything is described in terms of all senses by a writer. He describes what it looks like, feels like, smells like, and sounds like in words.
Descriptive writing serves as a bridge between the outside and the inside worlds. A writer uses a variety of adjectives and adverbs to paint a vivid picture for the reader.
Descriptive writing is typically written in the first-person point of view, and the context of the writing is emotive and intimate.
Haruki Murakami is a well-known Japanese author who is known for his descriptive writing. His descriptive language is best exemplified in classics like Kafka on the Shore and Norwegian Woods.
Not only does one read his writings, but one lives in his universe. Descriptive writing is employed alongside all other types of writing because a writer may need to explain a scene or character in depth from time to time so that readers can better understand the story.
Descriptive writing has a poetic quality to it. It concentrates on describing everything in great detail so that the reader can see, smell, taste, hear, and feel what is happening. Poetry, journals, fictitious stories, diary writing, and nature writing, all employ this writing style.
5. Objective writing
This type of writing is one of the types of writing that entails writing something that can be backed up with facts and proof. The data should be well-researched and statistically and scientifically correct.
The author should remain objective and neutral, allowing the readers to form their own opinions. A formal style of writing is objective writing. As a result, instead of writing “men and girls,” write “men and women.”
Because this type of writing is “to the point of writing” therefore, a writer should avoid intensifying anything by using words like “always,” “extremely,” and “never.” Objective writing is indeed based on facts.
6. Subjective writing
This is a type of writing in which the author expresses his or her personal view. An author expresses his or her thoughts, feelings, views, and perspectives in his or her writing.
The author is unconcerned with the material’s accuracy. Subjective writing is based on the author’s observations and experiences.
The subjective approach is crucial because it allows the reader to see how the author thinks. The reader is given the flexibility to conceive things from their unique perspective in this type of writing.
7. Creative writing
Making stuff up is an art form in creative writing. Professional writing is not the same as this style of writing.
This genre includes fiction, nonfiction, horror, crime, biographies, screenwriting, scriptwriting, short tales, and playwriting. Creative writing refers to any writing that originates from a single person’s imagination.
There are a plethora of creative writing jobs available on the market. Aside from that, many people make money from their creative writing by creating popular websites, blogs, and YouTube channels.
These days, creative writing has become a need. Many people are attending creative writing classes to improve their skills.
8. Review writing
A review is a collection of the types of writing intended to help the reader decide whether or not to purchase a product or activity.
This type of writing strongly relies on descriptive writing, combining objective and subjective thoughts to convey the author’s experience with the subject.
The writer may or may not advocate the subject matter based on both factual and personal considerations, even if the language is not necessarily persuasive.
Books, films, toys, video games, and even theme park experiences may be the subject of reviews.
Physical flaws (“This toy is made of low-quality plastic and may break easily.”), benefits (“The game was superbly made, with no visual or gameplay bugs present upon release.”), and personal experiences (“When the monorail cut across the park, the view was breathtaking.”) are all important aspects of good review writing.
It’s become fashionable to review things these days. Restaurants, food, cosmetics, literature, movies, and even mobile phones and laptops are all reviewed by people.
Before making a purchase, tech-savvy individuals study Internet reviews. As a result, several businesses now pay people to write reviews for their products.
Writing a review is an art form. It necessitates the use of both persuasive and descriptive writing skills.