Every human identified as a female must have a vagina. The vagina serves many purposes, one of which is childbearing. However, it releases some fluid at specific periods. These fluids are what we term ‘vagina discharge.’ While some types of vagina discharge are normal, some are not.
Follow along as we explain the different types of vagina discharge.
What is Vagina Discharge?
Vagina discharge is a secretion from your vagina. It can be clear or cloudy and may contain mucus, pus, sperm, or other substances.
Vaginal discharge occurs naturally during menstruation and ovulation. Your body produces mucus, blood, and cellular debris to help protect against bacteria and viruses. This process is called menses, and it usually lasts about three days.
During this time, you might notice some bleeding, cramping, or spotting. You might also experience a change in your mood or energy level.
During menopause, your estrogen levels drop, causing your periods to stop altogether. As a result, your body produces less mucus, blood, tissue, and cellular waste. This leads to a buildup of fluids in your vagina, known as leukorrhea. Leukorrhea can vary in color and consistency and often smells like urine or fish.
If you’re having sex regularly, you’ll likely notice another type of discharge—vaginal lubricant. Vaginal lubricants come in different forms, including water-based gels and oils. They provide extra protection during intercourse and make penetration easier.
Types of Vagina Discharge
Egg white discharge is one of the different types of vaginal mucus. Glands inside the vagina produce it, and it’s clear and watery.
When we talk about egg white discharge, we mean the liquid part of the egg white. There are two parts to an egg: the yolk and the shell. When the yolk breaks down, it becomes a thick yellowish substance called albumen.
Albumen is the same color as egg white discharge, although it doesn’t contain any eggs.
Egg white discharge isn’t always clear; sometimes, it appears cloudy or milky. Also, some women see blood mixed in with egg-white discharge. Blood in the vagina results from inflammation or infection, and it’s something to keep an eye out for.
Moreover, egg white discharge can sometimes smell fishy or ammonia-like. These odors aren’t always signs of anything severe, though. They could only be due to bacteria present in the vagina.
Watery vaginal discharge is also among the different types of vagina discharge. This type of discharge occurs naturally during menstruation and sexual intercourse. Your body produces this discharge to cleanse dead skin cells and bacteria.
If you experience a normal discharge, you don’t have to worry about lubrication and urinary tract infection. Since the watery discharge is termed ‘normal’ in most cases, you do not need to worry about the clear wateriness of the discharge; it’s for keeping your vagina healthy.
However, take note when this discharge becomes thick and sticky, it could indicate an infection. In such cases, see your gynecologist immediately.
3. Sticky Vagina Discharge
Sticky vagina discharge is another form of vaginal discharge. It’s like an egg-white discharge but thicker and stickier. However, the discharge may appear as a thin film outside the vagina.
It’s important to know that sticky discharge is not necessarily a sign of infection. However, seek medical attention immediately if you notice a warm, red, or painful discharge.
4. Bloody Vagina Discharge
Bloody vaginal discharge is another type that occurs during menstruation. The blood may appear red or brown.
This type of discharge is caused by bleeding from the cervix, the opening between the uterus and the vagina.
Vaginal bleeding happens when blood flows out of your vagina. There are many possible causes of vaginal bleeding, such as pregnancy, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).
Yellow vaginal discharge is also among the different types of vagina discharge. It contains pus and other substances produced by the vagina.
The yellow discharge comes from the vagina lining and is usually accompanied by itching. You might feel burning sensations while urinating.
If the discharge is a pale, odorless, and clear liquid, it probably isn’t anything to worry about. However, if the discharge is darker in color, smells like ammonia, or looks thick or stringy, it could mean something is wrong.
If it’s the latter, you should see a doctor. They will prescribe antibiotics if necessary.
There are several types of vagina discharge. Some of them are common, while others are less common. If you notice any unusual discharge, make sure to consult your gynecologist.