Different Types of Air Coolers Explained

Types Of Air Coolers

As temperatures begin to rise, we know summer is upon us, and the heat will soon be hitting our every home. Most people turn to appliances to cool themselves, their homes, and offices. 

Nothing is more relaxing on a hot summer day than sitting in an air-conditioned room; however, this cooling comfort comes at a price, especially when you turn to air conditioners for cooling. 

Summers and soaring electricity costs go hand in hand, which is a nightmare for most home and office owners.

This is where different types of air coolers come to the rescue, which is much more energy efficient, provide fresh and healthy air, are easy to maintain, cost-effective, and environmentally friendly compared to air conditioners, which consume a lot of energy.

In this regard, it is important that you invest in the right air cooler that meets your needs. Although buying an air cooler may seem like a simple task, people often get confused when choosing because there are different types of air coolers in the market, features, and functionalities that benefit the user in their own way.

So here, we have put together the types of air coolers to help you in your pursuit of choosing the best air cooler for your home or office.

Before moving on to the different types and essential features of air coolers, let’s first understand how an air cooler works and the advantages of choosing them over air conditioners.

How Does An Air Cooler Work?

The air cooler works on the principle of evaporative cooling, in which the evaporation of water is used to cool the air. Sweating in humans is a simple example of evaporative cooling.

As sweat begins to evaporate, it removes the extra heat absorbed in it from the skin as a gas, resulting in a cooling effect. 

In the case of an air cooler, warm but cool ambient air is passed through an evaporation medium, in this case, cooling pads through which water is moved using a water pump.

Flowing water extracts heat from warm air and begins to evaporate, leaving fresh, cool, moist air that is blown into the room by the fan.

Many air coolers today come with trays dedicated to adding ice cubes in order to chill the water, which provides fast and powerful cooling.

Benefits of Using an Air Cooler

  • Energy efficiency: The air cooler consumes up to 10 times less energy on average than a conventional air conditioner, promising a significant reduction in electricity bills for consumers. Today, some air coolers are also equipped with Inverter technology which further reduces energy consumption. An added benefit is that inverter air coolers generate much less noise due to their electronically commutated motor, which makes you attend to your work and video calls much more comfortable and enjoyable.
  • Investment and running costs: From initial purchase and installation costs to running and maintenance costs, an air cooler is much cheaper than an air conditioner.
  • Environmentally Friendly: Unlike air conditioners that use harmful chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), air coolers use a carbon-free natural evaporative cooling process, making them an environmentally friendly choice.
  • Air Quality: Air coolers circulate cold air while drawing in warm air from outside and then cooling it. In addition, the circulating air is filtered, humid, and easy to breathe, and it also keeps the skin hydrated. On the other hand, air conditioners circulate the same stale air present in the room.
  • Installation and Portability: Unlike air conditioners which require professional installation and operate at a fixed unit, air coolers do not require installation; all you need to do is fill the water tank and plug in the power cord. Moreover, most air coolers come with a castor wheel which makes them extremely portable and can be moved around with utmost ease.

Types of Air Coolers

When it comes to choosing an air cooler, you will be overwhelmed with the sheer number of options available in the market in terms of sizes, shapes, capacities, designs, and features.

Therefore, before you begin your search for an air cooler, it is essential first to understand the different types of air coolers, which are further listed below:

1. Personal Air Cooler

First on the list is the personal air cooler, which is the most common type. They are generally compact and very portable.

Personal air coolers are a more personalized cooling solution. That is to say, this type of air cooler is intended for smaller areas or spaces that do not need open cooling.

They are often called “mini air coolers.” These coolers are well known for saving energy and purifying the air around you to provide you with cool air that gives you comfort against sweat and heat.

Unlike other types of air coolers, personal coolers are lightweight, making them portable and easy to use anytime, anywhere. Some of them also come with wheels for easy maneuverability.

They consume much less energy and operate quieter than other air coolers. It also takes up much less space. Personal air coolers work most efficiently when you are near them.

Available in varieties of shapes, designs, and sizes, you can easily choose one that perfectly complements your home or workspace.

Ideal for use in: Bedroom, Children’s Room, Study Room, Dining Room, Hostel Room, Small Office, Small Shop, etc.

2. Desert Air Cooler

Desert cooler is also known as evaporative cooler or humid air cooler. It is suitable for places with low humidity and high temperature and provides a cool breeze by evaporating water from the tank.

Desert air coolers have a large tank capacity, large fan or blower, and powerful motor. These air coolers can cool large spaces with their superb airflow, and they also satisfy a large number of people as this unit has the ability to cool spacious rooms in an instant. 

A desert air cooler is comparatively larger than a personal air cooler and consumes relatively more energy. With a tank capacity of up to 100 liters, Desert air coolers can run for long hours to ensure uninterrupted cooling. The large size doesn’t mean they can’t be moved, as most desert coolers today come with castor wheels.

Ideal for use in: Medium to Large living room, Gym, Shop, Restaurant, Party Hall, Enclosed Outdoor.

3. Tower Air Cooler

Tower air coolers are the stylish new design in the market. They are sleek, slim, and elegant. They are designed to fit into the smallest of spaces yet are efficient enough to cool large areas.

The tower air cooler fan is quite powerful enough to easily act as a large room cooler. It comes in beautiful designs that can easily match the aesthetics of a room.

If space is limited, tower coolers are the best option for superior air distribution while improving the aesthetics of any space. The less space tower cooler takes also helps the user to make space for other things very easily.

These coolers expel air at a higher point compared to other types of air coolers. Their main advantage, therefore, lies in their height because when you are standing or sitting at a high table, you will want spot cooling with air delivered just above your waist.

They have a water tank capacity of 20 to 40 liters and can easily be used during long-term work. Tower coolers are easy to clean and require less maintenance.

Thanks to the presence of wheels, they can also be easily moved from one place to another. In addition, these evaporative coolers are suitable for small and medium areas.

Ideal for use in: Bedroom, Reception Area, Study Room, Dining Room, Children’s Room, Office Cabin, Shop.

4. Window Cooler

As the name suggests, window air coolers are equivalent to window air conditioners. They are designed to be installed in windows.

They are placed in outside windows with the face facing towards the room and thus allow you to save floor space which you can use for other things.

These air coolers are the best option for circulating cool air inside the room, as they draw in the air directly from outside.

With the capacity of the water tank being up to 50 liters, the energy consumption rate of the cooler is lower, with high efficiency, and only uses 1/10th of the energy used by the air conditioner. It also offers honeycomb pads.

Although more expensive than traditional aspen grass pads that have been around for a long time, honeycomb pads require far less maintenance and cleaning, making them cost-effective in the long run.

Most people want to save their hard-earned money in some way. Although air coolers today cost a lot less to run than a few years ago.

Window coolers, on the other hand, are the cheapest of all. They cost much less to operate, and best of all, they are also easy to install.

Ideal for use in: Bedroom, Study Room, Hostel Room, Children’s Room, Dining Room, Office Area, Small Shop.


Now that we have a basic understanding of air cooler types and their benefits. Each of them comes in different shapes and sizes and comes with various features that help users in their own way.

Depending on the use of the appliance, whether at home or in the workplace, space management, budget, and duration of use must be taken into account before deciding to purchase the product.

Also, taking note of the size of the room you want to put the air cooler in and how much money you want to spend, beat the heat by choosing the air cooler that’s right for you.

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