Different Types of Coffee Roasts Explained

Different Types of Coffee Roasts
Photo by Alexas_Fotos

Many people think there’s only one type of coffee roast, but this couldn’t be further from the truth.

Coffee roasts go through quite the spectrum of different flavors and textures depending on how dark they are roasted. And how long they are left to cool after being removed from the heat source.

While light or medium roasts tend to have fruity notes. Darker roasts can develop strong chocolatey undertones when they’re roasted until they’re almost black.

Check below to see the different types of coffee roasts. Levels of categorization of coffee roasts;

  • Light
  • Medium
  • Medium-dark
  • Dark

Medium-dark Roast Coffee Beans

Medium-dark roast coffee beans are one of the different types of coffee roasts that fall in between the light and dark roast categories.

The beans are roasted more often than light roast beans, but not as long as dark roast beans. This results in a coffee that has more body than a light roast but isn’t as heavy or bitter as a dark roast.

Medium-dark roasts are typically full-flavored with a moderate amount of acidity. Common examples of coffees in this category include Viennese, French, and Italian roasts.

Common names for medium-dark roasts are:

  • Full City
  • After Dinner
  • Viennese
  • Continental
  • Light Espresso
  • Light French

Dark Roast Coffee

It is made by roasting the beans for longer, resulting in a darker color and a more intense flavor. The caffeine content is also reduced, making dark roast coffee less acidic than its lighter counterpart.

Popular dark roast names include:

  • High
  • Espresso
  • European
  • Dark
  • French
  • Italian
  • Spanish
  • New Orleans
  • Neopolitan

Medium Roast Coffee Beans

Medium roast coffee beans are coffee roast with a balanced flavor profile. This coffee bean is roasted more often than light roast coffee beans, but not as long as dark roast coffee beans.

Meanwhile, the result is a cup of coffee that has more body and less acidity than a light roast. But it isn’t as heavy or bitter as a dark roast.

Medium roast coffees are different types of coffee roasts versatile and can be enjoyed with milk or black. Some common medium roast names include:

  • American
  • Regular
  • City
  • Breakfast
  • Medium

Light Roast Coffee Beans

These different types of coffee roasts are roasted for the shortest time, resulting in a light-bodied coffee with a milder flavor.

The acidity is also more pronounced in light roast coffees. If you’re looking for a coffee that’s low in caffeine, a light roast is a good choice.

Conclusion

If you’re a coffee lover, you need to know about the different types of coffee roasts. Light roast coffees are perfect for those who want a delicate and smooth flavor.

Medium roast coffees are excellent for those who want a balanced flavor. Dark roast coffees are perfect for those who want a bold and rich flavor.

Decaf coffees are perfect for those who wish for all the taste without caffeine. There’s something for everyone when it comes to coffee roasts!

Why Do Coffee Beans Need to Be Roasted?

Roasting coffee beans is essential to develop their flavor. The roasting process affects the bean’s color, aroma, and taste. The longer the beans are roasted, the darker and more intense the flavor.

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