Citrus fruits have been a part of human diets for thousands of years. They come in various shapes, sizes, and flavors and have been shown to offer numerous health benefits.
From limes to grapefruits, we will provide an overview of the different types of citrus fruits, their nutritional content, and their potential health benefits.
Whether you’re looking to add a burst of flavor to your meal or incorporate more citrus into your diet, this post has something for everyone.
Knowing the different types of citrus fruits and how to select the right one for your needs can make all the difference in the outcome of your recipe or dish.
Table of Contents
- What Are Citrus Fruits?
- Different Types of Citrus Fruits
- 1. Bitter Orange
- 2. Etrog
- 3. Blood Orange
- 4. Key Lime
- 5. Rangpur Lime
- 6. Finger Lime
- 7. Navel Orange
- 8. Dekopon
- 9. Pompia
- 10. Shonan Gold
- 11. Shangjuan
- 12. Iyokan
- 13. Moroccan Citron
- 14. Koji Orange
- 15. Pomelo
- 16. Mandarin
- 17. Citron
- 18. Lemon
- 19. Standard Orange
- 20. Tangerine
- 21. Amanatsu
- 22. Lime
- 23. Buddha’s Hand
- 24. Kaffir Lime
- 25. Tangelo
- 26. Yuzu
- 27. Calamondin
- 28. Kinnow
- 29. Chinotto
- 30. Kabosu
- 31. Grapefruit
- 32. Ugli Fruit
What Are Citrus Fruits?
The term “citrus fruit” describes a group of fruits with a thin or thick rind on the exterior and segments of juicy flesh inside.
The flavors of citrus fruits frequently combine sweet, bitter, and sour notes. These flavor profiles will differ amongst various fruit varieties.
East Asia, South Asia, Southeast Asia, Australia, and Melanesia are the origins of the citrus genus. Numerous sizes and forms of citrus fruits exist.
Different Types of Citrus Fruits
Let’s dive into the different types of citrus fruits, their unique characteristics, and how to choose the best one for your culinary needs.
1. Bitter Orange
This is the first on our list of different types of citrus fruits. Bitter orange is a unique citrus fruit with a tart, bitter flavor and an intense aroma.
It is a sweet orange and lemon hybrid and is native to Southeast Asia. Bitter oranges are used in many dishes, such as marmalades, preserves, and compotes.
Also, they can be juiced or added to salads or sauces. The rind can be grated to flavor dishes, or the juice can be used to make a refreshing drink.
Bitter oranges are high in vitamins A and C and contain flavonoids that help protect against inflammation and heart disease. Bitter oranges provide an interesting and delicious addition to any recipe.
The etrog is of different types of citrus fruits. It is an ancient variety of citron with thick, bumpy skin and aromatic pulp.
The flavor of the etrog is sweet-tart, similar to a mild lemon. The fruit is used primarily for its aromatic rind, which is often candied or dried in various recipes.
It can also be used to make a special liqueur called Etrog Liqueur, a popular way to celebrate Rosh Hashanah and other Jewish holidays.
Etrogs have been grown in Israel since ancient times and are thought to bring luck and blessings to those who partake in them.
3. Blood Orange
Blood orange is a unique variety of orange with deep red flesh, and its peel can range from orange to a dark purple hue.
It is an excellent source of vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. Its flavor can vary depending on the variety, with some having a sweet taste and others being quite tart.
Blood orange is made of different types of citrus fruits that are great for juicing and can be used in various dishes or added to salads for a sweet and tangy kick.
They are also good for baking, with their red hue adding an interesting pop of color to desserts.
4. Key Lime
Key limes are different citrus fruits commonly found in the Caribbean, the Florida Keys, and Mexico. They are small, round fruits that have a distinctively tart flavor.
While they are similar to regular limes, they are smaller and have a more acidic taste. The tartness of the Key lime makes it ideal for baking, drinks, and condiments.
Key limes can be used to make limeade, pie, cake, and other desserts, as well as pickles, sauces, and marinades. Key limes also have some health benefits and can be used to aid digestion and treat colds.
5. Rangpur Lime
Rangpur Lime is next on our list of different types of citrus fruits. It is a unique citrus fruit cross between the Mandarin Orange and a Lemon.
It is one of the most flavorful and fragrant citrus fruits and quite tart. The skin is thin and light yellow-orange, while the flesh is very juicy and sweet.
Rangpur Limes can be eaten out of hand or used in various recipes, such as curries, jams, chutneys, and marinades.
The juice from this fruit is also popular for making margaritas and other cocktails. They also make sauces, syrups, candied fruits, and teas.
Overall, Rangpur Limes are a great choice for adding flavor to any dish.
6. Finger Lime
Finger limes are also on the list of different types of citrus fruits. It is known as citron caviar, which differs from citrus fruits native to parts of Australia.
Finger limes are smaller and more elongated than other citrus varieties, with delicate skin that is easily punctured.
They range in color from greenish-yellow to deep purple and have a high concentration of tiny juice vesicles that look like caviar.
The flavor of the finger lime varies from sweet to tart and has a strong lime aroma.
The pulp of the finger lime is often used as an accompaniment to seafood dishes and can be eaten fresh or used as a flavoring in jellies, jams, and salads.
7. Navel Orange
Navel oranges are a citrus fruit with thick, leathery skin and an unmistakable sweet taste. Unlike most other citrus fruits, navel oranges have an indented “navel” at the base.
The navel of the orange is where the second orange grows, resulting in two oranges connected together.
Navel oranges are great for adding to salads, making juice, or simply eating out of hand. They are also much easier to peel than other citrus fruits due to the easy-to-remove navel.
For anyone looking for a sweet citrus treat, navel oranges are an excellent choice.
The Dekopon, also known as the Sumo Citrus, is one of Japan’s different types of citrus fruits.
It has a deep orange color, is seedless, and is covered in a distinctive rough, pebbly rind. It is a hybrid between two Japanese citrus fruits, the Kiyomi, and the Vangbo.
This fruit is highly sought after for its exceptionally sweet and tart flavor, with just a hint of bitterness.
Its sweetness also comes from its high sugar content, making it great for baking, smoothies, salads, and jams.
Due to its thick skin, it is ideal for adding texture to dishes or can be used in drinks like margaritas or lemonade.
The Pompia is a citrus fruit native to the island of Sicily. It has a distinctive, tangy flavor and a yellowish-orange color. The Pompia is highly prized for its juicy pulp and its sweet flavor.
Also, it is one of the different types of citrus fruits considered the healthiest due to its high levels of vitamin C and antioxidants.
It can be eaten raw, juiced, or garnished in salads and other dishes.
The Pompia is also popularly used in jams and marmalades and is a great ingredient in cocktails and other beverages.
10. Shonan Gold
Shonan Gold is a unique type of citrus fruit native to Japan. It has thin, yellow skin and is oblong in shape.
This unique citrus has a deep orange-yellow flesh with a mild, sweet flavor. Shonan Gold’s acidity level is low, but its aroma is quite intense.
It is most commonly used in salads and desserts but can also be enjoyed as a snack or on its own.
Because of its mild flavor and thin skin, it is not suitable for juicing or cooking.
It is an excellent vitamin C and potassium source and contains significant amounts of magnesium, calcium, and iron.
Shangjuan, also known as the Ichang Lemon, is an unusual variety of citrus fruit native to China.
It is characterized by its unique shape, which is rounder than the typical lemon and has many bumps on its surface.
The skin is pale yellow and thin, while the flesh is juicy and sweet-sour.
This is one of the different types of citrus fruits used for cooking, making it an excellent addition to many dishes.
It also adds flavor to sauces, marinades, and other recipes.
When preparing Shangjuan, be sure to use it quickly after purchasing it, as it does not store well. Enjoy this delicious and unusual citrus fruit!
The Iyokan is also one of the different types of citrus fruits commonly found in Japan, also known as the “Japanese orange.”
The Iyokan is a medium-sized citrus fruit, usually ranging from 4 to 5 inches in diameter.
It is a bright yellow color and has a slightly bumpy texture. Its flavor is sweet and tangy, and its juice is usually used in recipes or drinks.
The Iyokan is not as juicy as other citrus fruits, but it still provides a great source of vitamin C and other essential vitamins and minerals.
It also has a pleasant aroma, making it great for adding to salads or other recipes.
13. Moroccan Citron
The Moroccan Citron, also known as the “Citron de Menton,” is one of the different types of citrus fruits native to North Africa.
It is one of the oldest citrus fruits in the world and has been used since ancient times for its medicinal and culinary qualities.
The Moroccan Citron has an unmistakable aroma and flavor that is sour yet sweet.
Its rind is usually thicker than most citrus fruits and is covered in a light fuzz.
It is also extremely juicy, making it a great choice for juicing or adding to salads.
The flesh is slightly bitter but has a pleasing flavor, making it a favorite among cooks.
The Moroccan Citron is an excellent source of vitamins A and C, as well as fiber, calcium, and magnesium.
14. Koji Orange
Koji oranges, native to Japan, are some of the different types of citrus fruit with a unique sweet-tart flavor.
The orange is small and round in shape, with thin, pale yellow skin. The flesh is creamy-white and succulent, with a high juice content.
The flavor is sweet and slightly tart, similar to a tangerine. Koji oranges are high in vitamin C and antioxidants, making them a great source of nutrients.
They can be eaten fresh or used in cooking and baking, making them a versatile addition to any kitchen.
Pomelo is a large citrus fruit that has a mild, sweet-tart flavor. It is similar to a grapefruit in shape but much larger.
It is native to Southeast Asia and grown in various parts of the world. The Pomelo is an excellent source of Vitamin C, fiber, and antioxidants.
Also, it contains other essential vitamins and minerals like potassium, magnesium, calcium, and iron.
The skin is thick and must be peeled away before eating. The segments inside can be eaten fresh, added to salads, or used as an ingredient in recipes.
The pomelo may be just what they need for a sweet-tart flavor without the acidity of other citrus fruits.
Mandarins are different citrus fruits, closely related to oranges and other citrus fruits.
They are small, juicy fruits with a thin, bright orange peel. The flesh is sweet and tangy, with a hint of bitterness.
Mandarins are a good source of vitamins and minerals such as vitamin C, potassium, and folate.
They also contain beneficial plant compounds such as polyphenols and flavonoids.
They are low in calories and rich in fiber, which can help you feel full for longer. They are also an excellent choice for snacks or as an addition to salads and desserts.
Citron is one of the most recognizable and sought-after different types of citrus fruits, often used in cooking and baking.
A citron is a large, yellow-green citrus fruit with thick, inedible skin that can be used to flavor dishes or as a garnish.
It has a tart, sour flavor but can also have hints of sweetness depending on the type of citrus variety.
The flesh of the citron is segmented like other citrus fruits but is quite fibrous and not especially juicy.
This makes it better suited for culinary uses than for eating out of hand.
Citron can be used to make candied fruit, lemon curd, jams, jellies, marmalades, syrups, sauces, and more.
The lemon is also one of the most recognizable different types of citrus fruits. It has a yellowish, acidic rind and flesh and is often used for its juice and zest.
Lemons are highly versatile, with applications in sweet and savory dishes and for drinks and cocktails.
Lemons are an excellent source of vitamin C and are rich in antioxidants, which can help protect cells from damage and reduce inflammation.
Also, they contain compounds called limonoids, which may have anti-cancer properties.
In addition to providing health benefits, lemons are a wonderful addition to salads, sauces, baked goods, and other dishes.
19. Standard Orange
Oranges are one of the most popular different types of citrus fruits and are widely used in culinary dishes worldwide.
They have a thick outer rind and juicy interior with many seeds or segments.
Oranges are a great source of vitamin C and provide antioxidants, minerals, and other nutrients.
Oranges can be eaten raw, juiced, or cooked in many different dishes.
They can be used as a garnish, added to salads or other dishes for flavor, or used as a sweetener in desserts.
Tangerines are small and sweet, with a vivid orange color that can brighten any plate or bowl.
They have a bright, tart flavor and plenty of vitamin C, making them a great snack and an essential ingredient in many recipes.
Tangerines can be eaten raw, juiced, or added to salads, desserts, and even main dishes.
Try adding a few slices to your morning oatmeal or yogurt to make the most of their delicate sweetness.
With their health benefits and unique flavor, tangerines will become a favorite in any kitchen!
The Amanatsu, also known as the Sweet Orange, is a unique and popular citrus fruit originating in Japan.
It has an intensely sweet flavor with hints of bitterness and a delightful aroma. The fruit is quite large, with thin skin and juicy yellow-orange flesh.
It is considered to be an ideal citrus for making juice and desserts, as well as for use in salads and garnishes.
The Amanatsu is a great source of vitamins A and C and a good source of dietary fiber. It is also known for its ability to help boost the immune system and reduce inflammation.
In addition to its culinary uses, Sweet Orange is also used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat colds, bronchitis, and asthma.
Lime is one of the most popular different types of citrus fruits out there and can be used in many different ways.
Its sour taste and distinctive acidic smell make it an ideal ingredient for drinks, dressings, and marinades.
Not only is it a great source of vitamin C, but it also provides potassium, iron, and magnesium.
Its tart flavor makes it a great way to balance out sweet dishes or cocktails, and its aroma can add depth to any dish. Lime can also be used to give your dishes and beverages an extra zing.
23. Buddha’s Hand
Buddha’s Hand is a unique citrus fruit with a fingered shape and a sweet, fragrant flavor. It is native to Northern India and can be used in many different ways.
The aroma of the Buddha’s Hand makes it great for adding to recipes, drinks, and desserts.
The rind can also be a flavoring ingredient for teas, marmalades, and pickles. As with other citrus fruits, Buddha’s Hand is an excellent source of Vitamin C.
24. Kaffir Lime
Kaffir limes are a citrus fruit native to tropical regions of Asia and Africa.
These limes have a distinctive flavor and aroma, making them highly sought after in many culinary dishes.
The skin of the Kaffir lime is thick and bumpy, while the fruit itself is acidic, sour, and bitter.
Kaffir limes can be used in both sweet and savory dishes, as well as being used as a garnish or in a marinade.
The zest of the Kaffir lime is also often used in many traditional Southeast Asian dishes.
The juice of the Kaffir lime is also used for medicinal purposes, such as treating colds and sore throats.
The tangelo is a hybrid fruit cross between a tangerine and a pomelo. It is known for its sweet, juicy, and tangy flavor.
Tangelos have thicker skin than other different types of citrus fruits, and they come in various sizes and colors, ranging from dark orange to almost yellow.
The flesh of the tangelo is generally seedless, but it may contain a few small seeds. Tangelos can be eaten out of hand or used in recipes to add flavor and sweetness.
It is a great source of vitamin C and fiber, making it an excellent addition to any healthy diet.
Yuzu is one of the unique citrus fruits widely popular in Japan, Korea, and other parts of Asia. It is a yellow, aromatic citrus fruit with a sweet, tart flavor.
Yuzu has a unique flavor and aroma unmatched by other citrus fruits.
Yuzu can be used in many dishes and drinks, such as salads, marinades, salsas, cocktails, jams, and more.
The juice from yuzu is also used in sauces and dressings and is an ingredient in some traditional Japanese dishes.
In addition to its culinary uses, yuzu is also known for its medicinal properties, with the fruit being used to treat digestive problems, colds, fever, skin conditions, and even depression.
Calamondin is a small citrus fruit native to Southeast Asia and the Philippines. It is a cross between a mandarin orange and a kumquat.
Calamondin has a tart, acidic flavor that can be used in drinks, jams, and marmalades. The fruits are harvested green and are fully ripe when they turn orange.
The rind of the fruit can also be used for zest in cooking. The juice can be used as an ingredient in sauces and salad dressings or added to a cup of tea for a refreshing citrus flavor.
Kinnow is a type of citrus fruit native to the South Asian subcontinent. It is a hybrid fruit, a cross between a mandarin orange and the common sweet orange.
Kinnow is one of the most popular different types of citrus fruits in India, Pakistan, and other South Asian countries.
It has a unique shape, a thicker rind than most other citrus fruits, and a bright yellow color. Kinnow is very juicy and has a sweet-tart flavor with a hint of bitterness.
The flesh of the kinnow is seedless and can be eaten raw, juiced, or used in various recipes.
As a part of its nutritional profile, kinnow contains high levels of Vitamin C, B6, and potassium.
Incorporating kinnow into your diet can help support your overall health and well-being.
Chinotto is one of the different types of citrus fruits originating in Italy. It is a small, dark orange-colored fruit with a tart and sour flavor.
It is related to the orange but has a much more intense flavor.
Chinotto has a high concentration of vitamin C and other important minerals and nutrients like calcium, magnesium, and potassium.
This makes it an excellent addition to any diet, as it helps to boost immunity and prevent disease. It can be eaten fresh, juiced, or used in cooking and baking.
Kabosu, a citrus fruit from Japan, has a sour taste and distinctive shape. It is similar to regular lime in appearance but has a unique flavor profile.
The outside of the kabosu has a thin green peel that can be easily peeled away. The fruit’s flesh has an aromatic tartness that gives it its signature flavor.
It can add a zesty kick to various dishes or be enjoyed as a stand-alone snack. Kabosu juice is also popular in Japan and can be found in various forms, such as liquid, powder, and concentrate.
Kabosu is high in vitamin C and contains several other essential vitamins and minerals that benefit overall health.
Grapefruit is one of the incredibly versatile and flavorful different types of citrus fruits.
This is one of the different citrus fruits that can be enjoyed as a refreshing snack or cooked and added to salads, smoothies, or other dishes.
With its characteristic yellow-orange hue and sweet-tart flavor, grapefruit has grown in popularity over the last few years.
While many are familiar with eating grapefruit in halves, grapefruits can also be juiced and used to make delicious marmalades, salsas, and sauces.
The health benefits of grapefruit are numerous; it’s packed with vitamins and minerals that can help boost your immune system and provide antioxidant protection.
Grapefruit is also low in calories and fiber, making it an excellent choice for those looking to lose weight or improve their overall health.
32. Ugli Fruit
This comes last on our different types of citrus fruits. Ugli Fruit is a special type of citrus fruit native to Jamaica. It is also known as Jamaican Tangelo or Citrus maxima.
It is a hybrid between a tangerine and a grapefruit, and it has an unusual shape that is oval with knobs at the stem end.
The outer skin of the Ugli Fruit is thick and waxy, while the inner flesh is juicy and sweet. The Ugli Fruit’s flavor is unique, often used to make jams, marmalades, and juices.
Ugli Fruit can be a healthy addition to any diet as a source of dietary fiber, vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants.
Citrus fruits are some of the most popular and nutritious foods available. Packed with vitamin C, minerals, antioxidants, and other essential nutrients, these fruits can provide numerous health benefits.
Whether you’re looking for a delicious snack or an easy way to add more vitamins and minerals to your diet, there are many different types of citrus fruits to choose from.