How to Grow and Maintain Caladium Houseplant?

Caladium Houseplant
Photo by sarangib

The caladium houseplant (Caladium bicolor) accentuates any living space, thanks to its beautiful foliage.

This relatively low-maintenance plant also grows quickly and makes a great gift for any occasion. 

But before you decide on the perfect caladium houseplant to bring home, it’s important to learn about their care and maintenance requirements.

This will help provide your new green friend with the environment it needs to thrive. Read on to find out what it takes to grow and maintain the caladium houseplant so you can ensure that your plant stays healthy, vibrant, and beautiful year-round.

Botanical Evaluation of Caladium Houseplant

The caladium houseplant is an unusual tropical plant available in various colors. This includes many shades of green, pink, red, and orange.

Caladium houseplant is a family consisting of shrubs and vines, which includes over 1,000 species found mainly in Central America and northern South America.

It’s also one of those flowering plants, making it an excellent choice for improving your home environment and adding color.

Caladiums are heat-loving tropical perennials that grow best in warm, humid climates. It’s also important to keep your caladium houseplants in a spot where they will get plenty of light but not too much direct sunlight.

In fact, it’s best to place them near an open window or on a porch where they can get indirect light during most of the day. 

Not leaving out the fact that growing these amazing plants can also be quite profitable. Wonder why? Because you can sell them for various uses. Amazing, isn’t it? 

There are many reasons why more and more people want to get into growing caladium plants at home. Read on further and learn more about how you can grow them!

How to Grow Caladium Houseplant?

These plants require well-draining, moist soil. They’re pretty easygoing regarding light requirements, preferring indirect sunlight and partial shade.

To keep their lush leaves intact, water caladium houseplants when they feel slightly dry on top of the soil.

In addition, be sure that you don’t over-water them or allow them to sit in wet soil for long periods. Their foliage will suffer if you overwater your plants or don’t pay attention to how much water they’re getting.

Caladium houseplants are quite sensitive to root rot and other fungal diseases if they aren’t watered properly.

Moving on, when it’s time to fertilize your caladium houseplant, use an all-purpose fertilizer. Otherwise, stick with your standard general-purpose plant food found at local nurseries. Read on for more tips:

Right Soil for Caladium Houseplant

One of the most important things when caring for a caladium houseplant is picking out and properly watering the soil.

Plants that aren’t in soils that are optimal for them tend not only to look worse but also often die more quickly. This might be different if they were in an appropriate potting mixture. 

Importantly, when picking an appropriate growing medium, you’ll need to know what type of growing environment you’re creating for your plant.

Fertile soils have lots of organic material and nutrients built up over time. Hence, they are best suited to plants that require high amounts of fertilizer, like succulents or cacti.

Right Amount of Sunlight

While it’s tempting to keep your caladium houseplant in direct sunlight, that can actually be damaging to its health. The potting soil should be moist but not soggy, so ensure you water it when it dries.

Be careful not to overwater and keep your plant away from heating vents or drafty windows. Also, if your home is on a well, don’t over-water; water may have harmful chemicals for plants.

These tropical plants flourish in temperatures between 75 and 80 degrees F (24-27 C). Given this, ensure you find an area of your house that is warm but not too hot.

Proper Watering

One of the most common reasons houseplants die is that they are over or under-watered. Water the caladium houseplant when your soil is dry, and wait until you see your plant’s soil drying out before watering it again.

The color of your caladium’s leaves can indicate the water needed. In general, if they start turning lighter in color, you need to water them more.

You need to water them less if they start turning darker in color. To sum up, ensure not to overwater because it will rot their roots and cause them to die too quickly.

Adequate Moisture and Temperature

Caladium houseplants need well-draining soil. Water your caladium sparingly during dormancy in winter and allow it to dry out slightly between waterings. Too much moisture can cause rotting and brown spots on leaves. 

Additionally, give your caladium houseplant plenty of light but not direct sun. Also, monitor temperature levels, which should be between 55 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit (F). A temperature change can cause leaf loss or damage in extreme cases. 

It is possible for you to purchase an artificial grow light if needed. However, be sure it is kept three or four inches away from the plant, so it doesn’t burn its leaves.

Fertilizing Caladium Houseplant

Use an all-purpose plant fertilizer in spring, summer, and fall. Use water-soluble fertilizer at half-strength for your caladium houseplant. Water after fertilizing, but only if it needs it; don’t wait for signs of wilting or poor growth. 

Stop fertilizing in winter when caladiums go dormant and keep them dry as much as possible. Discontinue all feeding from December through February. Depending on your climate, you might need to reduce watering during these months.

Again, check your soil’s moisture level regularly throughout winter and resume normal watering once new growth begins in early spring.


While many people go on the hunt for the cutest and most colorful flowering houseplants to add to their space, one option that often gets passed over is caladium houseplants.

These beautiful tropical plants are perfect if you’re looking for something unique or elegant. They spruce up your home in the fall and winter months when other plants have stopped blooming and the air outside isn’t as pleasant.

 From growing tips to care instructions, this caladium houseplant guide will tell you everything you need to know about bringing one of these beautiful plants inside your home!

It’s easy to add a bit of color and style to your home without ever having to step foot into a retail store. If you enjoy working with plants but don’t have the time or space to care for them, why not bring home a caladium houseplant?

Though they’re only available in select nurseries and garden stores, caladiums make an excellent addition to any household. Just have the right conditions in place to take care of them, then you enjoy!

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